There is no doubt a need for agricultural lands across the world in order to continue to produce food for us to live. However many of these agricultural lands cause environmental harm that threaten the environments well-being along with issues concerning food security. These agricultural regions such as farms take up lots of land base which takes away from natural areas. This then impacts the world's natural biodiversity. Quite often once a crop has been grown and the soil has lost most of its nutrients so farms continue to expand onto new land.
Many farmers in developing countries are forced to turn their crops into cash crops. Cash crops are crops produced for large scale sales instead of for the farmer who owns them. These large companies that take over cash crops use genetically modified plants that are resistant to pesticides. All other things besides the plants on the crops die. The large companies own the rights to these types of genetically modified plants which means countries who don’t use these types of plants will fall behind because their food is to expensive to grow so it can’t compete. This leads to more and more farms using harming pesticides in order to be able to continue to grow their crops. When farmers sell their crops to be turned into cash crops, their communities become dependent on trade in order to get their food sources. They are dependent on imported foods instead of their own local farms. Large amounts of water gets used for the large crops and lots gets wasted with farming technologies such as irrigation.
1. Fair trade practices are important in ensuring that small town farmers are getting full value for the product they are selling. This means that local farms would not have to hand over their crops to large industries. They would be able to regulate their own crops and would eliminate much of the harmful effects caused by mass use of pesticides along with wasted water.
2. Educating farmers about environmentally friendly farming habits such as how to add nutrients to soil instead of continually moving farms after the nutrition runs out of the soil, would reduce effects on natural areas surrounding farms.
3. Shopping locally for produce can have major benefits. For one it allows local farmers to generate revenue while also generating food for their communities. Many places that rely on outside sources for food supply face problems when there are major weather events that happen in the supplying regions. If people began to start shopping locally when weather events like these happened, they would not be nearly as effected as they can continue to receive food from their local farms. As more and more people started shopping locally, more and more farms would begin to appear which would help their own region’s economies. Shopping locally has benefits for everyone involved.
General situation of world fish stocks United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Based on FAO’s analysis of assessed stocks in 2016 the share of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels has exhibited a downward trend. Stocks were 90 percent sustainable in 1974. By 2013 however, this figure had dropped to 68.6 percent.
Of this 68%, 58% were fully fished, leaving no room for growth, even as global population grows to over 9 billion by 2050. Only 10.5% of fish stocks worldwide are underfished.
In total 31% of fish stocks are overfished. We catch over 90 million tons of wild fish yearly, this huge source of human nutrition must be protected.
Aquaculture & marine protection/sustainable fisheries.
World per capita fish supply reached a new record high of 20 kg per person in 2014, thanks to vigorous growth in aquaculture, which now provides half of all fish for human consumption, and to a slight improvement in the state of certain fish stocks due to improved fisheries management.
Aquaculture brings its own host of problems, but we’ll leave it to you to investigate that and write a resolution on it if you so choose.
In small communities in Baja Mexico, fisherman took it upon themselves to increase the sustainability of their fisheries. They established self policed, self studied areas of marine protection. These areas, tiny in comparison with most marine reserves, are hotspots of marine biomass and diversity. Fishermen also self regulate their fishing seasons, opening later, and closing earlier, than the Mexican government officially allows. These two policies have resulted in increased harvest and wealth for fishermen. “Today Abreojos and a few like-minded Baja communities following the same strategy catch more than 90 percent of Mexico’s abalones”
“The idea is to have like a savings account,” says José Manuel Rondero, a 35-year-old fisherman who has watched lobster and fish populations plummet.
Now he is watching them rebound. Can Baja be a model for global fisheries?