There is no doubt a need for agricultural lands across the world in order to continue to produce food for us to live. However many of these agricultural lands cause environmental harm that threaten the environments well-being along with issues concerning food security. These agricultural regions such as farms take up lots of land base which takes away from natural areas. This then impacts the world's natural biodiversity. Quite often once a crop has been grown and the soil has lost most of its nutrients so farms continue to expand onto new land.
Many farmers in developing countries are forced to turn their crops into cash crops. Cash crops are crops produced for large scale sales instead of for the farmer who owns them. These large companies that take over cash crops use genetically modified plants that are resistant to pesticides. All other things besides the plants on the crops die. The large companies own the rights to these types of genetically modified plants which means countries who don’t use these types of plants will fall behind because their food is to expensive to grow so it can’t compete. This leads to more and more farms using harming pesticides in order to be able to continue to grow their crops. When farmers sell their crops to be turned into cash crops, their communities become dependent on trade in order to get their food sources. They are dependent on imported foods instead of their own local farms. Large amounts of water gets used for the large crops and lots gets wasted with farming technologies such as irrigation.
1. Fair trade practices are important in ensuring that small town farmers are getting full value for the product they are selling. This means that local farms would not have to hand over their crops to large industries. They would be able to regulate their own crops and would eliminate much of the harmful effects caused by mass use of pesticides along with wasted water.
2. Educating farmers about environmentally friendly farming habits such as how to add nutrients to soil instead of continually moving farms after the nutrition runs out of the soil, would reduce effects on natural areas surrounding farms.
3. Shopping locally for produce can have major benefits. For one it allows local farmers to generate revenue while also generating food for their communities. Many places that rely on outside sources for food supply face problems when there are major weather events that happen in the supplying regions. If people began to start shopping locally when weather events like these happened, they would not be nearly as effected as they can continue to receive food from their local farms. As more and more people started shopping locally, more and more farms would begin to appear which would help their own region’s economies. Shopping locally has benefits for everyone involved.